Congresso do ECLAS com a participação da UTAD [20-24 Set]

A UTAD participa no Congresso anual do ECLAS, que em 2015 organiza uma sessão especial dedicada à temática das Hortas Urbanas. O Professor Frederico Meireles Rodrigues marca presença no Congresso do Conselho Europeu das Escolas de Arquitetura Paisagista (ECLAS), em Tartu (Estónia), de dia 20 a 24 de Setembro. Apresenta uma palestra intitulada “Between parks and agriculture: ownership perception in urban gardening“. Este trabalho, desenvolvido com a Professora Sandra Costa, da Birmingham City University, encontrou fundamento no interesse crescente das populações das cidades portuguesas pelo cultivo nas hortas urbanas.

Prinzessinnengarten, Berlim, Alemanha

Prinzessinnengarten, Berlim, Alemanha

O aparecimento das hortas integradas em parques urbanos, por exemplo, onde utilizadores com diferentes motivações partilham o mesmo espaço, tem gerado discussão em torno do assunto da perceção de posse do lugar. Esta reflexão aponta para as dimensões pública e privada das hortas urbanas, como estas colidem ou se fundem em termos de perceção e uso. As hortas urbanas são simultaneamente espaços verdes que providenciam recreio e produção de bens, pelo que a sua função principal e o seu desenho podem determinar atitudes mais ou menos inclusivas por parte dos hortelões e, por outro lado, a disposição dos restantes utilizadores para o envolvimento. Nesta medida, qualquer que seja a tipologia de horta urbana, a perceção das pessoas é determinada por razões contextuais, de desenho físico, de acesso visual, de motivação individual e cultural. A UTAD-AP, enquanto membro da ação COST TU1201 “Urban Allotment Gardens in Europe“, tem vindo a consolidar a sua experiência na investigação neste domínio, designadamente em projetos que variado do inventário ao estudo do lugar.

The growing appreciation of urban allotment gardens (UAG), as available open spaces for people within the city limits, has led to a wide range of unique places all over Europe. it is known that existing urban gardening varies very much in terms of its layout and specific functions, from the more classical and regular plot set where to grow food, to the ‘guerilla’ gardens and hightech rooftops. The appearance of UAG integrated in urban parks, for instance, in which different motivational uses share the same space, has raised awareness to the issue of ownership perception, since users engage in the park activities differently and have different expectations.
A foregoing paper by the authors (Meireles Rodrigues et al. 2014) focused on finding a classification based on the purpose, performed functions, type of users and urban context in 21 UAG developed under a programme in the region of Greater Porto. As a result, 3 types were found: the subsistence allotment (SA), the subsistence and recreational allotment (SRA) and the occupational allotment garden (OAG). The overall perception of these types range from the idea of an individual food production setting to a more open and challenging recreation site – between the realms of agriculture and parks.
In the current paper the authors looked at the preceding classification and developed a reflective approach over its public and private dimensions, how they collide or merge in terms of perception and use, and whether they integrate or segregate allotments’ non-users. Looking forward to extent the current classification and for a broader understanding of this issue, the discussion is underpinned on a selected sample of examples, taken from the 21 case-studies and other urban gardening practices in Europe.
The idea that UAG are both green space facilities (that provide recreation) and a food production land, may determine a more or less inclusive attitude of the gardeners, while affecting non-users willingness to be engaged physically and visually. It is believed that whatever the type of UAG, people’s perception is mostly determined by contextual, physical and visual access, cultural and motivational reasons.

A Arq.tª Paisagista Maria Inês Sousa, apresenta no mesmo congresso um poster sobre o seu trabalho na área dos modelos desenhados para as hortas urbanas da LIPOR, com o título “Urban Allotment Gardens – a Synthesis of Design Models”.

Design Model: Urban Centre (UC) and Peri-ruban (PU). (c) Maria Inês Sousa

Modelo desenhado adaptado a dois contextos: Centro urbano consolidado (UC) e Zona Periurbana (PU). (c) Maria Inês Sousa

Este trabalho esteve já em destaque na revista World Landscape Architectura, aqui noticiado. O abstract do poster sublinha a importancia do estudo das hortas urbanas e do desenvolvimento dos modelos para a eficiência das intervenções futuras:

The Urban Allotment Gardens (UAG) represent a unique contribution to the urban settings, since they are not only a way of suppressing economic difficulties, but also able of recreational and restorative occupation. Considering the significance of the topic, the objective of this work is to demonstrate the importance and specificity of these places in different urban contexts and to develop a synthesis in concept models, which are applicable to the Grater Porto Region, and based on the UAG programme “Horta à Porta”, by LIPOR.
The research methodology initially included an inventory and field surveys of 21 case studies which revealed different urban contexts, typologies and spatial configuration. The analysis aims at reviewing the data collected, systematized in drawings and tables, in order to find either the common elements that occur according to a standard, or other case specific elements. The evaluation focused on the aesthetic quality, the functional and ecological aspects, the structural and spatial organization and its adaptation to the needs of users. It has allowed the identification of two models, which are applied to different urban contexts, urban centre, perifherally urban and tested by the development of three design proposals.
The achieved designed models intends to contribute to better match the multifunctionality of HU, whether in the field of food production, which satisfy the basic needs of the users, or in the provision of socialization spaces, leisure and learning. The design result also aims to support as productive urban landscapes can be sustainable and visually attractive.

 

 

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