This section of the website offers incoming and outgoing Landscape Architecture students any information about the Erasmus/Socrates Exchange Programme.
For more information please go to UTAD’s International Relations Office at GRIM
Course Units (Bachelor in Landscape Architecture)
Course units in the fields of Landscape Architecture and Arts, available for incoming ERASMUS and other mobility students.
Full Bachelor programme is available here
Full Master programme is available here
Technical Drawing aims to develop in the students, competences to abstract and synthetize, centering in the representation analysis, throughout orthographic projections, sections and axonometric perspective of tridimensional shapes, solids and architectural elements, in different scales, which presuppose the knowledge of a representative system of spatial forms and structures.
- 1st semester | 7 ECTS | 75 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: Objectives; kinds of technical drawing; European standards; drawing material and applications; graphic elements; lines – line types and thickness; record and files; folding of drawings; drawing legends and add annotations. Orthographic projections: standard arrangements: European and American methods; representation of the principal orthographic projection; meaning of the lines and surfaces; auxiliary projections; hidden lines; methods to facilitate the projections reading. Cross-section cuts and sections: definitions and scope; setting; drawing and reference of cuts and sections; draw of hidden lines in cuts; draw sections. Filling and hatch; partial cuts; displaced and riveted sections. Quick perspective: scope; rider perspective; axonometric perspective: trimetric, dimetric, isometric; perspective of curves; perspective of circle; crossing-cuts in perspective; exploded perspective. Reference marks: reference marks of the plans, elevations, cuts and perspectives. Practical work.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Theoretical contents presentation and discussion. Resolution of practical technical drawing exercises (orthographic projections, cuts, sections, axonometric perspective of tridimensional models) in the classroom. Final test is for evaluation of all the subject-matter of technical drawing. A practical work will allow an Architectural Design introduction.
Presenting the fundamental principles of LA, identifying the scope of work, at different scales and in different social, cultural, economic, ecological and landscape; in different physical and biophysical conditions. Establish the relationships on landscape architecture profession and complementary professions. LA in the national and international reporting on the main references.
Presenting a design methodology through the different stages – characterization, context analysis and Concept; Establishment of a proposal programme (the main strategies and spacial functions) and key concepts, establishment spatial organization and structural elements, definition of a proposal designed to a small Garden , establishing the principles of formal composition and functional space, establishing the design constraints and informed by the potential of context, and addressing the primary objectives of the project. Recognize and apply methods of representation and presentation of the project.
- 1st semester | 8 ECTS | 30 theory contact hours | 45 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: Landscape architecture: nature, man and art; landscape and natural resources; climate; soil and water; plants; the terrain and the landscape; social and psychological factors in landscape architecture; the design project; landscape planning. The methodology and design steps; the small-scale garden design: functional and formal concept; characterization and analysis of middle scale places; the functional and formal program; the zoning; the formal and functional design of a garden; representation and design presentation.
Understanding the importance of free-hand drawing skills and technical as a tool for l.a.. Acquire visual language, graphic and aesthetic sensitivity by drawing learning, developing graphical personality. Acquire and improve the ability of observation, representation and knowledge of physical realities in the drawing act, dominating the support tools and registration and the conical perspective. Mastering different representation models by free hand drawing skills and technical drawing. Surveying and accurate graphic reproduction parts/existing spaces, using the content and technical standards. developing skills in the use of tools and imaging techniques in digital 2D and 3D graphic environment. Make the final presentation of the product, reviewed and printed.
- 2nd semester | 7 ECTS | 75 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: Drawing as a means of observing and recording representation as a product of l.a design. Basic elements of the design language; The decomposition of pure geometry into complex shapes. Conical perspective; Other depth indicators. Proportion. The human scale and other scale references. The image composition. Interior and exterior design “in situ” and “ex situ” the different approaches, from closed elements to a large scale, the landscape panoramic. Technical drawing. Plan representation, cuts at different scales. Representation of axonometric drawings. The design computer environment. The two- and three-dimensional design and photo-montage in the digital environment as a recording assist the project. Graphic design as a way to communicate and inform visually an idea. Formats. Use of colour. Lettering. Graphic styles. Composition between elements.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Design of teaching is done in a workshop environment / studio, with introductory sessions theoretical and practical application targeted by the teacher. Also part of the work in class the Freehand Drawing “in situ” and ex situ. “The Drawings of implementing different realities, scales and places, looking for different views and time controlled. Survey and representation of real spaces, for detailed technical drawing. drawing computer environment. the design work is transposed into hours of study outside the classroom, instilling the daily practice, and discussed their progress in class.
Introduction to the basic language of landscape. Introduction landscape Planning and Design at middle and large scale. To develop skills of analysis and interpretation of landscape, specifically the physical components associated with the land form.
To develop the ability to decompose the landscape into its systems and do synthesis and zoning.
- 2st semester | 8 ECTS | 22,5 theory contact hours | 45 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: Revision of basic concepts: Nature, environment, ecology, ecosystem and landscape, specially focused onto the evolution of the concept of landscape architecture as a discipline. The components, factors, systems and processes of landscape: the land-form and micro-climate; the hydrologic system and the hydrography; the biodiversity, the vegetation, its functions, natural succession and the models of spatial organization with vegetation; analysis, evaluation and interpretation of landscape: principles and rules of spatial organization, use and potential, occupation models; perceptual analysis of the view-shed; the action of time, clime and micro-climate. The cultural and natural values. The identity and landscape character. The genius loci.
- Teaching/learning methodology: A more discussion and debate oriented theory class, onto the theoretical and practical concepts of the landscape architecture analysis and interpretation. The practical classes follow the model of design studio. Both demand for a active learning and continuous participation towards the discussion and research.
Landscape Design II is defined as the exercise of Garden Family House. It is an exercise in the private area, where the student is required to reflect the lifestyles and everyday contemporary living in a dwelling. Defined in real space, the area of intervention is contextualized through characterization and analysis work where the socio cultural aspects, landscaped environment, the local and particular physical context are focused. The contextualization of the exercise is crucial to the conceptual development. Based on reflection between the formal design and the constraints and opportunities of the place for an informed design. in addition are introduced technical aspects. The course aims to develop a conceptual capacity within the small-scale project using the design methodologies and design principles in landscape architecture.
- 3rd semester | 9 ECTS | 90 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: Methodology in Landscape Architecture design; Program design; Characterization and Analysis of the general to the particular; Definition and zoning of the main functional units and defining strategies of spatial organization; Concept / Theme of Conception; Development conceptual drawing; Designing with microclimate; Designing with d terrain modeling; Designing with vegetation;Plans Technicians altimetry and Modelling Land, vegetation, Building Materials; Representation and project presentation; Written memory design; Panels, and multimedia presentation.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Step by step, the student goes through the methodological process that familiar with the practices and design methodologies in landscape architecture.
During the course, students learn the features, commands and techniques for creating, editing, and printing drawings with AutoCAD. Using practical hands-on exercises, students explore how to create 2D production drawings in the best interactive learning environment and being focused on need in landscape Architecture. In terms of 3D drawing, the primary objective of the course is to familiarize students with the concepts and application of the essential functions of Civil 3D.
After completing this course, students should be able to, navigate the AutoCAD user interface, use the fundamental features of AutoCAD, use the precision drafting tools in to develop accurate technical drawings, create points, change point styles, and manage points in groups, create, edit, and analyze surfaces, and view surfaces in 3D, create profiles and cross-sections, create assemblies, corridors, and cross-sections, and calculate corridor volumes.
- 3rd semester | 6 ECTS | 52,5 theory-practical contact hours
- Syllabus: Introduction to AutoCAD; Basic commands; Working with the Windows Environment: Basic CAD Drawing Techniques; Layers and Line types; Creating Basic Geometry; Drawing with Text and Hatching; Drawing Accurately; Creating Selection Sets. Advanced Drawing Techniques AutoCAD 2D; Dimensioning a Drawing: Angular Dimensioning; Editing Dimensions; Modifying Object Characteristics; Using Symbols and Attributes; Defining Groups and Blocks. Plotting a Drawing from AutoCAD 2D; Preparing a Layout: Layout definition; Layout format. Non-standard dimensions: Viewports; Scale. Layout manipulation: Types of Layout in Landscape Architecture; Contents of different technical maps; The freezing command. Viewing and Plotting a Drawing. Introduction to Civil 3D; Working with Survey Tools from Civil 3D; Working with Points from Civil 3D; Working with Surfaces from Civil 3D: Understanding Surfaces; Performing a Slope Analysis; Calculating Surface Volume.
- Teaching/learning methodology: The theoretical/practical classes are compatible with the methodological approaches generically adopted when teaching CAD software. When they are taught in applied contexts for a Landscape Architect work environment, the discipline emphasizes the importance of these contents for your daily work. In the end of a class, the student always is able to identify the result of their labor and its importance. These type of disciplines are efficient if the students are able to create a work routine. In this context the complexity of the exercises are being increasingly extended to allow the student to acquire those routines and for them to understand the need of simplifying their practical approaches when using these softwares. An intense practice is more efficient than the mere theoretical explanation.
To develop own conceptual approach methodologies and project approaches with special emphasis in ground modeling and planting technique; to develop design project approaches that integrate the principles of sustainability, with special attention to the aspects of ecology and social framework. To develop the use different technologies of representation in computer applied to landscape architecture project. Students should develop projects with different levels of difficulty and in different places developing an work of research, analysis and implementation of proposals, giving at this stage particular emphasis on technical and aesthetic aspects related to the land form design.
- 4th semester | 9 ECTS | 90 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: The overall theme of the project will be the garden in semi-public or public space of small to medium-sized dimension. During the semester students are invited to explore different concepts of shape to the spaces with particular emphasis on land form design at different scales. The application of vegetation in urban space exploring their seasonal dynamic and the functions of vegetation in soil stabilization are aspects explored in the realization of the project. Students develop an exercise whose level of detail is the equivalent of detailing Master Plan. The presentation is in A1 panel format which requires the handling of several computer programs not only for the development of the project as to their editing.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Throughout the classes students develop different stages of working in the studio: Field work; Analyses and synthesis; Program development; Development of proposal; Evaluation and discussion; Review and development of new proposals. Are also performed exterior classes where students deepen field survey techniques and analysis of place. Oral presentations are made at various stages of evolution of the project allowing students to learn how to make them. Professors have developed tutorials classes with students and the main objective is to help students find their own methods of conceiving to develop projects.
The main objective is to identify and characterize the plants used in the composition of green space from a botanical point of view and their aesthetic and functional characteristics in order to be applied in landscape design. Also to know the sociology and geography of the vegetation of Portugal and the Atlantic Islands.
- 4th semester | 6 ECTS | 52,5 theory-practical contact hours
- Syllabus: Bio-climatology and vegetation ecology; concepts of sociology and geography of vegetation; structure and dynamics of vegetation; characterization of plant cover of Portugal and the Atlantic Islands. Plant Identification: natural and exotic vegetation in the composition of urban and peri-urban green spaces: aesthetic and functional aspects. Trees, shrubs and ground cover plants, grass, seasonal flowers and creepers. Identification of fragile plant conditions and the factors that contribute to the symptomatology frames of decline.Planting design.
- Teaching/learning methodology: The methodology adopted is based on the encouragement of active participation in student teaching-learning process, especially focused in field learning. In addition to the classroom where the teacher conveys fundamental and theoretical knowledge required for decision-making on the protection of urban forest against harmful agents, students are encouraged to participate in critical analysis through individual or group of concrete case studies and/or scientific articles. The developed methodological activities are combined, simultaneously or sequentially, giving the student the opportunity to understand and analyse the subject from many angles.
At the end of the course the student should be able: To understand, explain, and establish temporal and social relations between different styles and artistic methodologies; Recognize the power and complexity of icons and symbols as vehicles of visual communication; Enhance the expressive and communicative apparatus of works of art; Develop and encourage the creative process in a coordinated and orderly manner based on analyzed examples of reference; Perform spatial organization of work integrating formal elements; Be able to develop and structure visual communication processes taking into account a particular program base and target population; Understand differences in perception, interpretation and understanding of visual elements taking into account social, historical and geographical factors.
- 4th semester | 5 ECTS | 22,5 theory contact hours | 30 practical contact hours
- Syllabus: The main currents of Modern European thought. The concept of ‘Art’: Some notions to consider the criticism of Visual Art works. From concept to work: Analysis and study of artistic problems as “mirror” of the times and societies. The prehistoric art in the Middle East and Europe (Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic). Ancient Egypt: the Old, Middle and New monarchies. Mesopotamia and the rise of the Persian Empire. The Peloponnese Pre-Homeric: Cycladic, Minoan and Mycenaean. Primitive Nordic influences on the foundations of Western artistic culture: Dorians, Ionians and Aeolian. Movements “Orientalia” Archaic and the development of classical canons: Phoenicians, Persians, Hittites and Egyptians. The Macedonian hegemony and the Hellenic multiculturalism. The admiration, exaltation, and the Roman refinement. The influence of European thought Classical Bases in Contemporary Western Art.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Exposure, explanation and discussion of theoretical content; Analysis of case studies and practical examples for demonstrating the practical application of the theoretical contents; Proposition Theoretical-Practical work will individually and in working group; Monitoring and review of the outcome of the proposed work; Analysis and public discussion of the theoretical and practical work presented.
The course aims to development the conceptual aspects of design, stimulating creativity and the research of contents. The development of the ability to design public outdoor spaces (small to medium scale), considering their conceptual composition, in line with ecological, aesthetic and functional principles. Awareness of the design process and notion of the responsibility within the design decisions. Awareness of the urban landscape design as a social activity and the response to the users’ needs and preferences.
- 5th semester | 9 ECTS | 90 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: The role of the landscape architect in the design of public open space. The public park as a urban landscape architecture – contemporary paradigms. The Urban Park project: Analysis and Preliminary Studies of Place, conceptual aspects related to the land form, vegetation and materials in the open space. The playground design and other recreational areas in the city. The desing of the plaza for the user needs. Key elements in an execution project of landscape architecture – Tendering specifications: The Nature and Quality of Materials, General Technical Conditions, Special Technical Conditions: Preparation of the construction works; Pre-works Protection measures; Land-form, Irrigation, Drainage; Paving, walls, stairs, guides, retaining walls, ponds and lakes, vegetation covering, recreational equipment, outdoor furniture and lighting. Descriptive Memory (function, organization, objectives, contents).
- Teaching/learning methodology: Studio with oral communications. Model: Design Factory. The design production also integrates the field survey techniques, the data collection and application of behaviour mapping and interview methods, site analysis, and the synthesis of a design programme; as well as the negotiation process by undertaking tutorial discussion sessions and design presentation.
Knowing and identifying the different stages and major types of interventions of landscape architecture and garden art. Identifying the formal typologies of landscape art, as well as its geographic, social, economic artistic and cultural contexts, which set the basis to these constructions, its form and functionality; identifying its past references and the outcomes. Understanding the relationships between Man, landscape and Nature, in addition to the resulting artistic and cultural manifestations.
- 5th semester | 5 ECTS | 22,5 theory contact hours | 30 practical contact hours
- Syllabus: The beginning of the garden and the first artistic expressions of Man in the landscape. Landscape art in the Mesopotamia. The fertile crescent. Classic Era. Middle ages. Modern Era and the Renascence of the humanistic ideals. The Discovers period and the contact with new peoples and landscapes. The botanical gardens. The Italian Villas and Renascence and mannerist gardens. The XVII century in France. The great paradigms of the French garden. Influences on Europe. The Romantic period of literature in England and the reaction to the formal garden. The XIX century in Europe. Liberalism and Romanticism. The Industrial Revolution and technological advances. The public garden. From the picturesque to the Victorian eclectic and the reappearance of the formal models. Olmsted and the first public gardens and park systems. The implementation of landscape architecture as a profession. The XX century. The Modernism. The school of landscape architecture in Portugal. The Post-modernism.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Theoretical exposition and multimedia presentation on the programme themes; analysis and discussion of the themes related to the historical evolution. The practical classes aim to integrate, enhance and apply the knowledge, developing critical sense, the capacity of synthesis, in addition to the articulation of concepts; elaboration of an applied document and internet based research.
Continuing to learn the identification of vegetation used in the design of green spaces, concerning the botanical point of view and their aesthetic and functional design skills in the landscape. Acquiring the necessary knowledge to the selection, use and maintenance of plant material.
- 4th semester | 6 ECTS | 52,5 theory-practical contact hours
- Syllabus: The role of vegetation in territory planning and in landscape design. Characterization of vegetation in Portugal and Atlantic Islands (Atlantic Landscapes, Atlantic flora and riparian, Mediterranean Landscapes; Silicicole and calcicole Mediterranean flora; Dune and rupicole flora). Native and exotic vegetation of ornamental value (aesthetic/ornamental and functional aspects). Plants for restoration of degraded habitats and for sensitive and riparian areas. Plants for landscape hedgerows and support of wildlife. Plants for low maintenance/ management green spaces. Season Plants. Ornamentals Bulbous. Indoor plants.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Expository teaching; Practical and applied field teaching; tutorial teaching
To assess and plan the maintenance of a green space; Being able to develop a landscape design anticipating the maintenance issues; Being able to develop a landscape design and adjust maintenance costs wile improving a green space.
- 6th semester | 9 ECTS | 90 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: Management system for the maintenance of a green public space and the applied techniques; Survey of a public green space; Survey and analysis of the maintenance of a public green space; Qualification design project in public green spaces taking in account the criteria of construction and maintenance costs. Maintenance Planning.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Studio with oral communications and plenary discussions. Model: Design Factory. The design production also integrates the field survey techniques, site analysis, maintenance survey and evaluation techniques, and the synthesis of a design programme; as well as the negotiation processe by undertaking tutorial discussion sessions and design presentation.
To capacitate graduates in Landscape Architecture for intervention in planning processes of the territory, in its various levels, integrating multidisciplinary teams, knowing the processes, the contents, and the layouts (based on the legislation underpinning the planning policies in Portugal and Europe). To learn how to deal with landscape issues in the context of planning, but also to gain a holistic view of spatial planning, by integrating environmental issues and natural resources, economic activities in general, including agricultural and forestry, regional development, integrating the participation of the people.
- 5th semester | 7 ECTS | 22,5 theory-practical contact hours | 45 studio contact hours
- Syllabus: The evolution of planning theories and land management. Relationship between land use planning and landscapes planning. The biophysics / Environmental component in the land use planning process. The Portuguese and European legislation related with Land use planning. The land use planning systems in Portugal. The analysis of different scales land uses planning processes. The role of the landscape architect in the planning process and land management. The Public participation as an important aspect of the planning process. Future trends in the evolution of Landscape/Land use planning.
- Teaching/learning methodology: The methodology is based on descriptive classes (e.g. in in terms of the evolution of land use planning theories, legislation associated with the planning, etc), but also on an individual research by students. Practical exercises are developed for the application of theoretical concepts covering the different scales of analysis. These practical works are carried out in groups. Talks by outside elements, but with strong experience in land use planning are also planned.
It’s general objective of curricular unit the understanding of evolution of urbanism throughout history and be able to rationalize the use of urban space on a sustainably and ecologically healthy way. Are specific objectives: apprehension of the importance of the urban phenomenon; apprehension of the practice of urbanism over time; knowledge of the practice of urbanism in Portugal; knowledge of current trends in the practice of urbanism; knowledge of the legal framework of the practice of urbanism in Portugal; knowledge of the landscape architect’s role in urban planning.
- 6th semester | 4 ECTS | 52,5 theory-practical contact hours
- Syllabus: The town: History file; History of cities. Fundamental types of cities: the city in antiquity; the medieval town; the city in the Renaissance; the city in the Baroque period; the city during the industrial period. Expansion of urbanism: urbanism as formal historical process; urbanism as a process of scientific-technical rationality; urbanism as a process of social transformation; the modern urbanism. Examples. The practice of urbanism; methods; the scales, areas of intervention and instruments; the urban and regional planning; the Portuguese situation. Legislation, programs and trends. The future of urbanism. Urban ecology.
- Teaching/learning methodology: Display tutorials lessons with audio-visual methods; Tutorial classes and discussion of the individual work; Seminar with presentation, discussion and defence of work.
To understand the fundamental concepts in the scope of Ecosystem Dynamics, evaluation, monitoring and rectification of environmental quality, such as environmental stress, ecological integrity, bioindicators, adaptation and evolution. To apply these concepts in the evaluation of the great and actual environmental issues with a focus in their multifaceted perspective, in biological, environmental and anthropological terms. To employ and to apply the knowledge acquired in environment issues domain, namely by the construction of small dynamic models able to describe simple situations, involving ecological processes.
- 6th semester | 5 ECTS | 22,5 theory contact hours | 30 practical contact hours
- Syllabus: The concept of Ecosystem Ecological Integrity and the respective context. The concept of Environmental Stress. The operational concept of Ecosystem. Considerations of scale and hierarchy. The notions of Community and Population in the Ecosystem Dynamics study. Indicators and monitoring for ecosystem integrity. Bioindicators of the quality of water, soil and air. Extreme environments and adaptation. Genetic variation and environmental stress. Environmental stress, selection, evolution and extinction. Air pollution. Toxic elements. Acidification. Forest decline. Eutrophication. Pesticides. Species richness. Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling. Basic concepts of modelling. Submodels in ecological models. Conceptual models. Modelling population dynamics. Biogeochemical models. Application of ecological models in environmental management.
- Teaching/learning methodology: The formation, in Theoretical and Practical lectures, is compatible with the method undertaken by conventional ecological science. When applied to contexts relating to eco-environmental management, the formation emphasized the relevance of the Applied Ecology component. In such applications of the concepts, the formation allowed the basic rules for ecological management, namely in terms of the main requirements and speed of reliable assessment results. In contexts relating to environmental education and communication, the formation about ecological monitoring and management activities are versatile and sufficiently intuitive to be easily communicated to non-experts.