History of Landscape Architecture (3028)

Knowing and identifying the different stages and major types of interventions of landscape architecture and garden art. Identifying the formal typologies of landscape art, as well as its geographic, social, economic artistic and cultural contexts, which set the basis to these constructions, its form and functionality; identifying its past references and the outcomes. Understanding the relationships between Man, landscape and Nature, in addition to the resulting artistic and cultural manifestations.

  • 5th semester | 5 ECTS | 22,5 theory contact hours | 30 practical contact hours
  • Syllabus: The beginning of the garden and the first artistic expressions of Man in the landscape. Landscape art in the Mesopotamia. The fertile crescent. Classic Era. Middle ages. Modern Era and the Renascence of the humanistic ideals. The Discovers period and the contact with new peoples and landscapes. The botanical gardens. The Italian Villas and Renascence and mannerist gardens. The XVII century in France. The great paradigms of the French garden. Influences on Europe. The Romantic period of literature in England and the reaction to the formal garden. The XIX century in Europe. Liberalism and Romanticism. The Industrial Revolution and technological advances. The public garden. From the picturesque to the Victorian eclectic and the reappearance of the formal models. Olmsted and the first public gardens and park systems. The implementation of landscape architecture as a profession. The XX century. The Modernism. The school of landscape architecture in Portugal. The Post-modernism.
  • Teaching/learning methodology: Theoretical exposition and multimedia presentation on the programme themes; analysis and discussion of the themes related to the historical evolution. The practical classes aim to integrate, enhance and apply the knowledge, developing critical sense, the capacity of synthesis, in addition to the articulation of concepts; elaboration of an applied document and internet based research.