A conferência internacional da WSEAS (World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society) na área da Arquitetura Paisagista vai na sua 7ª edição e este ano é promovida pela Michigan State University. Esta Universidade americana conta mais de 100 anos de história de ensino em Arquitetura Paisagista, tendo o seu programa de licenciatura sido criado em 1898. Atualmente possui em funcionamento cursos de mestrado e doutoramento quer em Arquitetura Paisagista, quer em áreas afins como sejam o Planeamento, o Urbanismo e o Ordenamento do Território.
A UTAD-AP faz-se representar em três palestras da autoria dos professores Luís Loures, Frederico Meireles e Laura Roldão e Costa, com os respetivos abstract:
The effectiveness of postindustrial redevelopment towards urban sustainability – the Portuguese experience
The need for greater environmental protection coupled with the appearance of several postindustrial derelict areas and the increasing public awareness to the necessity to reclaim degraded landscapes provide great challenges not only for landscape architects and reclamation professionals but also for planners, natural resource mangers and policy makers. Though this problem encompasses numerous categories of manufacturing infrastructure all over the world, this paper will focus only on urban postindustrial sites, where reclamation – redevelopment processes play an important role in city redevelopment throughout the creation of multifunctional sites able to fulfill peoples needs at different levels, while contributing to urban sustainability. Though it is widely recognized that the reclamation of postindustrial landscapes constitutes an important strategy towards city’s development, it is normally acknowledged that redevelopment projects are generally associated to multidimensional objectives based somehow on a twist of sociocultural, economic and environmental issues. This paper aims to exemplify the importance of these projects at the aforementioned levels by presenting a set of 18 redevelopment proposals/projects where it is possible to identify the relevance of each of the sustainability dimensions to urban development. By assessing and identifying the significance and the benefits associated to postindustrial redevelopment, this article shows that postindustrial landscapes should be viewed as a resource and its recovery as an opportunity.
Revealing people’s patterns of occupation – Mondego park case-study
Is has been widely proved that better and more adapted public outdoor environments have significant role in affecting people’s place attachment and well-being. Urban parks grounded culturally and ecologically, opened to the city and devoted to people’s engagement, become exceptional places of freedom, recreation and restoration. Mondego park in Coimbra serves as case study to look at people’s patterns of occupation, applying the method of behavior mapping. How does Mondego park is being used and what are the preferred settings? Findings show that although the use of paths is the most frequent setting to promote physical activity and meeting opportunities, in the five case-studies across Portugal, shady meadows and lawns seem to be very important both to active and sedentary use. On the other hand, and contrasting with northern and central European studies, open clearings appear to be under-occupied, yet considered to be important to maintain prospect capacity. Playgrounds are one of the most used features and proved to enhance social interaction between user groups.
Public transport on rails and green public spaces
Urban public transport typologies are conditioners of the urban space design and the green structure. Since the 19th century green infrastructure and urban space in the municipalities of Porto and Matosinhos have been undergoing profound changes, largely as a result of the typologies of mobility that was implemented like the tram, train, and recently, the light rail. Public transport on rails preserved and promoting the emergence green spaces, squares and tree-planting streets and can develop green corridors along the transport line. The study of the evolution of green spaces in two municipalities, Porto and Matosinhos, allowed to relate the implementation of the railway infrastructure surface with the appearance and preservation of different green spaces.